World Population Day

World Population Day

World Population Day is observed every year on 11th July to reaffirm the importance of plan a family. The world’s population is increasing day by day and the earth is becoming more crowded.

So this day increases the awareness about the population issues such as increase in population, growth rate, lack of family planning, gender inequality, poverty and maternal health.

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World Population is increasing day by day
World Population is increasing day by day

History of World Population Day

It was 11th July 1887, when the world’s population was about Five Billion. Then UN Council of the Development Program highlighted the importance of the population issues and decided to institute 11th July as the World Population Day.

The United Nations passed a resolution 45/216 in December 1990 and decided to continue the observance of World Population Day to create awareness about the family planning and the related issues of the high population growth rate.

Observance

It was 11th July 1990 when this day was marked and observed in more than 90 countries of the world. A number of the United Nations Population Fund’s UNFPA country offices, government and non-government institutions celebrate this event to create awareness about the issues of increase in population.

World Population in the Past

Our world population is increasing at the fastest rate. And it is known as a population explosion. But it was not the same in the past. Let’s have a look on the world population through the centuries.

1.First Period of Population Increase

For several hundred thousand years prior to 8000 B.C, global population had increased very modestly, at an average of only a couple of dozen people per year. That’s why population growth was very low.

Then around the year 8000 B.C, the annual growth rate surged to 50 times higher than in the past, and it grew by several thousand per year. Between 8000 B.C and A.D. 1750, global population increased from almost 5 million to 800 million.

Cause of this Population increase

Scientists point out the agricultural revolution for the burst of population growth around 8000 B.C. which is the time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals. And no longer relied on hunting and gathering. By agriculture, human beings created larger and more predictable sources of food, and more people could survive.

2. Second Period of Population Increase

After 1750 A.D., world population grew a little more than in the first period that was almost 800 million in 1750 and in 1950 world population jumpedto almost 2.5 billion with an average annual increase of 0.6% per year.

Cause of this Population increase

The second spurt in the rate of population increase resulted from the industrial revolution, which began in England in the late 18th century and spread to the European continents and North America during the 19th century.

The result of this industrial transformation was the production of unprecedented levels of wealth, used to make the community a healthier place to live.

3. Third Period of Population Increase

The third dramatic increase in the world population began in the late 1940s. The world population has grown by more than 50 million per year since the late 1940. The number of people added annually reached at its peak of about 87 million around 1990. It had been strongly affected by China and India’s birth rates and both these countries are responsible for a total of one-third of birth’s worldwide.

Cause of this Population increase

This era of population growth is caused by the medical revolution. Improved medical practices eliminated many of the diseases and the causes of death and enable the people to live longer and healthier lives.

World Population was not same in the Past
World Population was not same in the Past

World Population at Present

About 7.7 billion people are living in the world as per statistics of July 2019. According to the estimates of UNICEF an average of 4.3 births globally per second or 255 births per minute. And you can now calculate that 353,000 people are born each day in the world. (estimated in December 2013)

At present the world population is growing at a fastest rate
At present the world population is growing at a fastest rate

Population is not evenly distributed all over the world and the world population growth rates also vary from country to country and continent to continent. Maximum population is living in the world’s largest continent, Asia and least exists in Australia, the smallest continent

The distribution of world Population in different continents is as under:

Distribution of World Population in different Continents
Continent Population (Million) Percentage
Asia 4140 60.70
Africa 994 14.57
Europe (including Russia) 738 10.82
North America 528 7.74
South America 385 5.64
Australia 36 0.53

Source: Population Reference Bureau US Census Bureau

World Population of Future

Our current population is almost 7.7 billion and the annual growth rate of the world population is 1.2%. And if the population will grow at the same rate, it will be around 11 billion by 2050.

Consequences of this Population Increase

If population continuous to increase at the same rate there will be many negative effects of it not only on the population but also on the environment and on the earth’s surface. For example:

  • Poverty and hunger
  • Unemployment
  • Shortage of food and Malnutrition especially in densely populated area of the world
  • Shortage of facilities like housing, food, clothing, education, transport, hospitals, schools and colleges
  • Problems of Overcrowding and Traffic
  • Lack of medical facilities and widespread of diseases
  • And many other social and civic problems
  • Environmental problems such as global warming

What to do Now?

As stated above that the world population is increasing at a fast rate. So there is a need to control this population growth so that we can safe ourselves and our coming generation from the dangerous and the negative effects as mentioned above.

Now there is a need to create awareness about the consequences of population growth and its negative effects and to take effective measures to control world population, so that every one lead a happy and healthier life.

In this aspect to observe the World Population Day can be very fruitful. It will create awareness among the people about family planning and the related issues of population. Celebrate this day will help to control the growth of world population.

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About Arfa Farheen

Hi! I am Arfa Farheen a teacher and an event blogger. I have done Master in Geography and Education. From the very beginning I was fond of celebrating important events, festivals and days around the world. I was eager to know the interesting facts about that, so now I decided to write all those things in my blog so that you can also know about the interesting facts, history and reality of that events. My blog is based on specific events, holidays, festivals, or any sort of national, international, cultural, religious, seasonal or popular event. I will show you people not only about the realities of such events but also how to celebrate and enjoy it. I always welcome your precious feedbacks. If you want to give any suggestion or have any query about my blog feel free to mail me at: javaria.mir@yahoo.com Stay connected Thank you for reading Arfa Farheen

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3 Comments on “World Population Day”

  1. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is magnificent blog. A fantastic read. I’ll certainly be back.

  2. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is magnificent blog. A fantastic read. I’ll certainly be back.

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