Diwali or Deepavali is a five day festival of lights mainly celebrated by Hindus, but also celebrated by Jains, Buddhists and Sikhs. Diwali celebration starts from cleaning and decorating the houses and lasts for five days. It is celebrated according to the Hindu Lunar Calendar.
When is Diwali?
Diwali celebration starts according to the Hindu lunar calendar. It mostly falls between the months of October and November. It will fall on 27 October in 2019.
In 2020 Diwali will be celebrated on November 14
In 2021 it will be celebrated on November 4
Diwali Dates 2019
|Dhanteras-the day 1st of Diwali||25th October 2019||Friday|
|Naraka Chaturdasi or Choti Diwali-the day 2nd of Diwali||26th October 2019||Saturday|
|Lakshmi Puja-the Day 3rd of Diwali||27th October 2019||Sunday|
|Govardhan Puja-the day 4th of Diwali||28th October 2019||Monday|
|Bhai Dhooj-the day 5th of Diwali||29th October 2019||Tuesday|
What is the purpose of Diwali Celebration?
Diwali means “row of lights”, according to Hindu tradition it is celebrated for many reasons like to welcome Rama and Sita who returned to their kingdom in Northern India after an exile of 14 years. Diwali celebration signifies the victory of good over evil. Diwali celebration also marks the beginning of Hindu New Year. Some Indian people also believe that Diwali is the day of celebration of the marriage of Lord Vishnu and Lakshmi.
Jains also celebrate their own Diwali which marks the liberation of Mahvira’s soul. Newar Buddhists celebrate Diwali by worshipping Lakshmi. Sikhs celebrate Diwali which marks the release of Guru Hargobind from Mughal Empire prison.
How Diwali is celebrated?
As Diwali is a five-day festival. People perform different activities to celebrate Diwali. People clean and decorate the houses, shops and temples, Oil lamps or diyas are lighted and wonderful firework is also displayed to celebrate Diwali.
Dhanteras- the Day 1st of Diwali
First day of Diwali is called Dhanteras. It is marked by cleaning and decorating homes. People decorate their homes with Rangoli-a pattern made mostly in the entrance of house with colored rice and powder. People also purchase some gold or silver or any utensil made from metal, which is considered a sign of good luck and prosperity.
Narak Chaturdasi- the Day 2nd of Diwali
Second day of Diwali is known as Narak Chaturdashi which means the regional equivalent and for the Hindu people living in the south of India it is Diwali Proper. It is also known as choti (small) Diwali. Some Hindus in India lit lamps on this day, they consider the lightning of lamps will guide the souls of their ancestors and they also pray for their ancestors on this day. People also take oil bath with ubtan before sunshine.
Lakshmi Puja-the Day 3rd of Diwali
Traditionally Diwali celebration starts on the third day of Diwali which is actually the day of Lakshmi Puja. People make their homes spotlessly clean because Lakshmi visit their houses on this day and they also lit the oil lamps in the evening. People also distribute sweets and gifts on this day.
Govardhan Puja- the Day 4thof Diwali
The day after this is marked with the Govardhan Puja and Padwa which is dedicated to the love and devotion between husband and wife. In some parts of India and especially in the northern India Govardhan Puja commemorates with the lifting of Mount Govardhan by Lord Krishna.
Bhai Dooj-the 5th Day of Diwali
Fifth or last day of Diwali is marked by Bhai Dooj or the regional equivalent, which is dedicated to the bond between brother and sister. Brothers presents gifts to their sisters as a token of love and care. While in some parts of India other Hindu communities perform different prayers and rituals on this day. In some regions Hindu worship Lord Ganesha and goddess Kali respectively.
It is the festival of light and happiness. Hindu decorate and lightened their homes with lights mostly with lamps. They also wear new dresses and exchange gifts with one another. On this day Hindus visits the houses of their relatives and love ones and enjoy feasts.
Diwali celebration in different parts of India
As India is of vast extent and most of the population is Hindu living in India. Due to its vast extent people of different regions celebrate Diwali according to their own tradition.
Diwali celebration in North India
North India includes the areas like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Srinagar, Delhi and Punjab. Diwali is celebrated in North India with a lot of lights, firework and sweets. Lord Ganesha and Lakshami are also worshipped. A mela is organized in Delhi where people buy décor and food items.
In East India
East India includes West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, Assam and Jharkhand. In East India Diwali is mainly the festivals for ancestors. People of Orissa lightened the lamps or lights on poles to guide the souls of departed love ones to heavens. The people living in West Bengal and Assam worship the goddess Kali and offer prayers for their ancestors. The people of Bihar and Jharkhand worship Lakshmi on the night of Diwali. They also decorate the entrance of their houses with rangoli.
In west India
The people of Gujrat and Maharashtra also decorate their homes with rangoli. They draw footprints of goddess Lakshmi on the threshold of their houses, lit the diyas and candles. The people of Maharashtra worship Lakshmi and organize feast known as “Faral” for family and friends. Faral includes sweet dishes and snakes.
In South India
South India includes the regions of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The people of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu worship Lord Krishna and his wife Satyambha’s victory over Narkasura, while the people living in Karnataka take oil bath and build forts from cow dung in their houses.
Diwali celebration over the World
Diwali is the time of joy, happiness, merrymaking and togetherness not only for the Indians but also for all the Hindus living in different parts of the world. Although Diwali is celebrated mainly in India where a large number of Hindu population is living, it is also celebrated in Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Thailand, Japan, Fiji, Singapore, Britain, Myanmar, Tobago, Australia, Africa, Mauritius, Trinidad and Indonesia where Hindu community is living in a large number.
Food of Diwali
Diwali is incomplete without sweet and salty food, which is presented to the guests and family. People arrange get together and enjoy wonderful feasts. Diwali dishes or food item is mainly made from using chickpea flour, milk, mawa, sugar, nuts, wheat flour and rice. Mostly sweet dishes are served on Diwali which includes a variety of sweets or mithai. Commonly ladoo, Barfi, Gulab Jaman, Anrsa, Samosa, Cholafali, Murukku, Aaloo Tikki and Ukkarai are made for serving. Some of the renowned food items of Diwali are as under:
Ladoo or laddu is also a sweet Diwali Food prepared on diwali. These are ball shaped sweet prepared from chickpea flour, ghee, sugar, semolina and nuts. These are very tasty to eat and these are one of the traditional sweets in subcontinent.
- Mawa Kachori
Mawa is a thick substance made from milk. Mawa kachori is made with the combination of mawa, sugar, nuts and cardamom. After combining all these ingredients ball shaped sweet is prepared which is called Mawa Kachori.
- Chiraunji ki Barfi
Chironji is an almond-flavored seeds that are used in the preparation of various desserts in India. Chiraunji ki Barfi is a sweet dish which is served on the occasion of Diwali.
Anarsa is a breakfast item of Diwali. It is made from rice flour and jiggery studded with poppy seeds. It is made traditionally specially by the people of Maharashtra in India.
These are sweet diamond shaped cookies dusted with powder sugar. People love to eat these snakes on Diwali.
- Soan Papdi
It is a dessert commonly made in northern India. It is made from chickpea flour, milk and sugar. It has dense and flaky texture when eaten. And it is liked by everyone on Diwali festival.
Is there is Public Holiday on Diwali?
In India there are five gazetted holidays for Diwali celebration. Not only in India but also in many other countries which are of Hindus. All business, schools, colleges and universities remain close in these day. While in many other countries where Hindus are in minority, Diwali is an optional holiday in these countries.
Significance of Diwali
- Diwali is of many importance especially for Indian people. For Diwali celebration people buy variety of things like new clothes, lamps, oil, firecrackers, colors, food items and much more. Due to all these positive trade activities are generated across India which boosts the economy of that country.
- Apart from economy and trade activities Diwali Mela is held in schools, colleges, universities, highlighting the food, dances, customs and traditions. And in other open places which highlights the culture and tradition of India in the whole world.
- People burst firecrackers which symbolizes victory, they light lamps and firecrackers which is the sign of their happiness and joy.
- People also gather at one place for feasts which signifies prosperity, love and forgiveness the wrong ones.
- Diwali celebration also signifies the victory of Good over Evil, this commemorates the old stories of Rama and Sita who along with Lukshman killed demon king Ravana.
What to Enjoy during Diwali
Diwali is the festival of light celebrated worldwide. You can enjoy a number of things during Diwali.
- You can enjoy the scene of bursting firecracker and rockets during the night of Diwali, sky looks beautiful with the colors of firecrackers.
- Lightning lamps and candles also attract very much. Actually these lamps and lights are the essence of Diwali. People decorate every house, street and building for Diwali.
- New movies are released on Diwali, which add more joy and entertainment in this festival.
- Melas are held everywhere in cities and towns with a variety of things in it which can be purchased like handicrafts, food items and toys etc.
- Numerous sweet items are made for Diwali, which enhance the taste of Diwali.
- There are festive meals or feasts arranged by family and relatives. People visit the house of their loved ones to enjoy Diwali.
What to Gift on Diwali 2019
Diwali is a festival on which people exchange gifts to one another, which shows their love and care. Here are some of very interesting Diwali gift ideas which will please you friends and love one.
- Indian Saree
It is the best gift that ladies you can give to their friends, a large variety of sarees are available in market you can buy one from them. And if you are busy and cannot visit market, then you can order saree online it will save your time.
2 A pack of Nuts
Nut are very healthy and one of the best gift that you can give to your friends on Diwali. In the pack of nuts you can add or place some chocolates and sweets as well.
3 Hanging Garden Lantern
These lantern will add the beauty to your garden. Although these are a a little expensive but looks beautiful when presented as a gift.
4 Silver or Gold coins
It is a traditional gift and people even today purchase some metals on Dhanteras, which attract good luck and prosperity.
5 LED Glitter candle
These are also one of the best gift that you can buy not only for your but also for your friends and family. These candles run on battery and changes their colors and when rotate, they look beautiful.
Some issues associated with Diwali celebration
One of the main issue or hazard due to Diwali celebration is air pollution. Due to the usage of firecrackers and oil lamps air of Indian cities are polluted badly, that’s why on October 2017 the supreme court of India banned the sale of firecrackers in Delhi during Diwali season. Although the Supreme court of India did not ban the use of firecrackers.
A research also carried out to know about the quality of air in Delhi during Diwali season, so it was find out that the particulate matter and sulphur dioxide had increased on the day of Diwali. And it is considered as a great hazard for the lives of people living in these cities. Moreover people are at the high risk of having respiratory diseases due to that pollution.
Burn injuries are very common issue during Diwali because of using firecrackers. Kids are greater victim of the burn injuries. Some firecrackers like anar (fountain) and Rockets are very dangerous to use. Most of the injuries are minor injuries which can be healed with only outpatient care.
How to celebrate Diwali safely
There are some tips which can be very beneficial while celebrating Diwali, because this is the festival in which people lit fire and the main activity revolve around lightning diyas or candles which are basically fire. Following tips are very helpful for your safety.
- Do not fire or light a cracker while holding in hands.
- Keep yourself away from the synthetic fabrics, because they hold the fire quickly, always wear cotton clothes.
- Keep a fire extinguisher and first aid kit in your home.
- Keep the kids away from burning crackers and especially don’t allow them to burn rocket alone.
- Try to burn the crackers in open areas because if you will burn them in close areas, there will be the chances of fire or any other hazard.
- Try to wear mask during bursting firecrackers, because the smoke of firecrackers can cause respiratory diseases.
- Also read about Diwali Facts.